T-Bone CollisionsA T-bone collision occurs when one car drives straight into the side of another, forming a “T” shape. T-bone collisions occur most often in intersections and may happen for many reasons:
- A distracted driver fails to notice an intersection or that a light has changed.
- A driver chooses to ignore a red light or stop sign to hurry through an intersection.
- A driver tries a rolling stop without paying adequate attention to other vehicles.
- A driver fails to notice another car already in the intersection.
Rear-End CollisionsRear-end collisions occur when one vehicle hits another from behind. Often, rear-end collisions result in significant injuries even at low speeds since they transfer a massive jolt of force through the car. Rear-end collisions frequently occur due to driver distraction. For example, a distracted driver may not see another vehicle in front of him and crash when traffic stops abruptly. Rear-end collisions may also occur due to tailgating: when one driver drives far too close to the car in front of him without maintaining a safe stopping distance. Finally, rear-end collisions may also result from brake failures. A driver whose brakes fail may not be able to stop their car. However, the rear driver does not always bear liability for rear-end collisions. Sometimes, the front vehicle may accidentally reverse or roll into the rear driver, causing severe damage and injury. Drivers may even back up deliberately to try to cause an accident. In many cases, carefully examining evidence from the scene, including traffic camera or dashcam footage, can help establish liability for the incident.
Sideswipe CollisionsWhen two parallel cars collide, it is called a sideswipe. A distracted driver who looks down at her phone and drifts into an adjacent lane can easily sideswipe another vehicle. Sideswipe collisions also often occur when a vehicle needs to merge or change lanes. Some drivers have difficulty gauging traffic flow and fail to leave adequate room to change lanes. Sideswipe collisions may also occur when a driver falls asleep at the wheel or loses focus due to sleep deprivation. A sideswipe collision can also result from steering problems, especially during turns, since a driver with a sudden steering problem may be unable to maneuver safely.
Head-On CollisionsHead-on collisions can cause massive destruction since they usually involve the combined force of both vehicles. If a driver drifts into another lane because of drowsiness, drunk driving, or intoxication, he could easily crash into a car moving in the opposite direction. Due to the extra force generated in a head-on collision, parties in both vehicles may have severe injuries, such as traumatic brain injuries and spinal cord injuries. These debilitating injuries can permanently alter a victim’s life. Usually, the driver outside his lane bears liability in a head-on collision. However, head-on collisions resulting from mechanical failure may leave the vehicle manufacturer liable for the accident.
- The driver’s history, including any past accident history
- The company’s policies and records
- Whether the driver exceeded the number of hours he could spend driving during his shift
- The type of cargo in the truck
- Who loaded the cargo, and whether the company loaded that cargo properly
- How often the truck received maintenance, including any reports of problems with the vehicle and the steps taken to fix them